阿部 健一（総合地球環境学研究所・教授）、Katila Pia（フィンランド天然資源研究所・シニア研究員）、Wil de Jong（京都大学東南アジア地域研究研究所・教授）
Identify and describe communal forest restoration practices in locations in China, Laos, Mexico and Peru. Analyze the drivers that result in forest restoration and analyze the conditions that result in long-lasting forest restoration. Observe and measure the impact of ecosystem services provision resulting from community forest restoration.
The four target countries are each countries where communal forest restoration has been practiced and future projects involving local communities are planned. The team members collaborating on this proposal have working experience in these countries (Abe – China; de Jong – Mexico, Peru; Katila – Laos).
Work has been completed in Mexico and China. In Mexico, research on local restoration on the Mixteca alta plateau was completed and a paper was finalized that was submitted to the journal Forest Policy and Economics. In China, early 2021 field work could be undertaken again in a village in Li County that was part of the Northwest Sichuan Afforestation and Reforestation on Degraded Land Project. Findings of the fieldwork are now being processed.
Mexico: Since 1993, 71% of forest recovery was possible in a severely degraded landscapes in Mixteca Alta, Mexico. Annual rates of change were highest compared with those reported for forest transition elsewhere. Mainly endogenous drivers, sustained the three decades of community-based forest transition. Forest transition theory needs add the role of local institutions and social capital. Incentives to community-based local forest transition are needed, plus adaptive principles.
China: When Forest Carbon Sequestration Projects are conducted in the forest communities traditional livelihoods become restricted. This may cause a significant change on livelihood strategy of households. In future projects, the forest communities should be allowed to pursue innovation of natural resource management and ecological entrepreneurship to achieve a more sustainable livelihood in forest communities.
Understanding drivers of local forest transition in community forests in the Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca, Mexico. Under review with Forest Policy and Economics.
Plan for publication of research results and future development, etc.
New publications pending:
– Have CDM forest carbon sequestration projects achieved sustainable livelihoods? A case study from western China. Paper in progress.
– Restoring forests and trees for sustainable development – Policies, practices, impacts and ways forward. Book volume, under negotiation with Oxford University Press